The capital of the province is Al-Minya, also called "Bride
of Upper Egypt", is situated 250 km south of Cairo
marking the threshold between Upper and Lower Egypt. Al-Minya
with it's 150,000 inhabitants is the centre of cotton
trade and sugar processing, offering it's visitors a facinating
view into the colourful oriental life.
Hermopolis Magna is situated 45 km south of Al-Minya on
the west bank of the Nile. It was the capital of the 15th
Upper Egyptian district, where god Thoth was worshipped
by it's inhabitants. This historical city is also the
native place of the prehistoric gods, of which Khnum was
one of the eight all powerful deities of the primordial
chaos that preceded creation, and this city was believed
to be where the sun first rose over the earth.
It contains a huge complex of corridors and galleries
containing thousands of embalmed ibis birds and baboons,
held sacred by the god Thoth.
This tomb was constructed as a family tomb for Petosiris,
a High Priest, living about 300 BC. This monument is of
special historic value.
tomb dwelling was equipped with a complete home outfit
and is covered by some frescoes.
Old Water Wheel
The water wheel, also called Sakija, was still functioning
when it was discovered. It was built in the Roman period
to bring up water from a depth of 40 metres. It was the
only source of water for the priests, workers and sacred
baboons in the whole necropolis.