2.5 million blocks of limestone were used in building
this pyramid, which measures 230 x 230 metres at the base.
It was originally 146 metres high and is today only 137
metres high. It's sidelines are exactly oriented to the
north, south, east and west.
Pyramid of Chephren
This pyramid was built by Chephren (son of Cheops), south-west
of his father's pyramid and is very similar to it. Although
lower in height, 136 metres, it looks higher as it was
built on a higher plateau.
Pyramid of Mycerinos
Finally, the smallest of the three pyramids, barely 66
metres high, was originally covered with red granite stones
from Aswan. The burial chamber, once contained a splendid
sarcophagus of basalt, is now empty. All three pyramids
of Giza are surrounded by several small pyramids and hundreds
of mastaba tombs belonging to the members of the royal
family, nobles and high ranking employees.
other sites were discovered to the south of King Cheop's
Pyramid, from which a large wooden boat in a very good
condition has been revealed and is now to be seen in a
museum south to pyramid of King Cheops.
On the way down to the Valley Temple of King Chefren,
the famous large statue of the Sphinx is located. This
colossal statue represents a body of a lion with a human
head measuring 70 metres in length and 20 metres in height.