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National Parks in Sinai

This 480-square kilometre protected area lies where the Gulf of Suez meets the Gulf of Aqaba at Sinai's southern extremity. The arid desert terrain - consisting of sand dunes, gravel plains, fossilised corals and granite mountains - is home to a number of rare species, including Dorcas gazelle, Nubian ibex and red fox.

Ras Mohammed National Park

Spread across 600 sq km, Nabq contains a variety of ecosystems that provide for nature unique in the Sinai Peninsula. The Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA) agreed to protect Nabq on the basis of its rich natural resource base. These include:
* The most northerly mangrove trees in the Red Sea/Indian Ocean complex
* One of the largest single of Arak Bushes in the Middle East, covering the higher dunes of the Wadi Kid
*Some 134 plant species of which six are found only in Nabq
* Gazelle, Nubian Ibex, Hyrax and many varied small mammals
* Rich coral reefs

This covers a massive 2,800 sq km and is located between Nuweiba and Taba. Mainly, it contains an intricate system of valleys and rifts beautifully sculpted by the elements of nature across time. It engulfs the Ein Umm Ahmed and Ein Khudra oases and the Nawamis tombs, and has many plants.

Ras Mohammed National Park

Easier to spot, though, are its resident birds such as terns, herons, gulls and ospreys. Thousands of white storks pass through Ras Mohammed each year, heading south during September/October and back north during April/May. There are about 85 different types of flowers and plants in the park, including magnificent mangroves. In glaring contrast to the seemingly desolate landscape, the ecosystem underwater at Ras is a magnificent eruption of life: 200 types of coral (125 of which are soft corals), 1000 different fish, 40 starfish, 25 sea urchin, 100 mollusk, 150 species of crustacean, as well as the Green Turtle and the Hawksbill Turtle.

Ras Mohammed National Park

Characterised by its spectacular granite mountains ending abruptly on a narrow coastal plain fronted by rich coral reefs, Abu Galum (located between Dahab and Nuweiba) owes its protected status to its varied ecosystems, unique back reef communities and excellent coral. Recent surveys have identified 167 species of desert plants, many of which are not found in either Ras Mohamed or Nabq. As a result, Abu Galum is also home to the largest number of Nubian ibex, Hyrax, red fox and striped hyena. Ten different species of lizards and snakes have also been identified.

This comprises the mountain network in South Sinai. Home to many plants - many of which are not found anywhere else in the world - it is also inhabited by some interesting mammals, reptiles, birds and insects.


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